Santa Clara is the capital city of the Cuban province of Villa Clara. It is located almost in the most central region of the country.
Santa Clara was the site of the last battle in the Cuban Revolution in late 1958. There were two guerrilla columns that attacked the city, one led by Ernesto Che Guevara and the other led by Camilo Cienfuegos. The battle was chaotic, the defenders were demoralized, some fought, others surrendered without a shot. By the afternoon, the city was captured. This victory for Castro's troops is seen as the decisive moment in the Cuban Revolution as Batista fled Cuba less than 12 hours later.
In the Revolution Square is the sculpture erected by the sculptor José De Larra dedicated to Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (Che). The base is a mausoleum, where remains the rest of Ernesto Ché Guevara since 1997.