The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere (Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere in Italian) is a church of Rome, the largest in the Trastevere neighborhood. Founded in the third century by Pope Callistus I, the church was then renovated during the reign of Pope Innocent II (1130-1143).
The facade, which preserves on top of a mosaic of the thirteenth century, is preceded by a portico designed by Carlo Fontana in 1702. Inside, three ships on columns (inspired by the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore), highlight the beautiful wooden ceiling, designed by Domenichino (also author of the "Assumption" in the center) and some paintings that were found in the restoration of the nineteenth century during the papacy of Pius IX.
In the first chapel of the right aisle we find Santa Francisca Romana Zoboli Giacomo, and in the second chapel of the Nativity Parrocel Etienne. In the dome of the apse you can admire a mosaic of the Coronation of the Virgin, the twelfth century, decorated on its underside with Stories of the Virgin, also in mosaic, designed by Pietro Cavallini (1291).
The first chapel to the left aisle is the chapel Avila, with baroque stucco Antonio Gherardi (1680).Between the fourth and third chapel is the tomb of Innocent II, Vespignani architect between 1866 and 1877 they undertook a restoration of the church style. In the third chapel, with a skylight, there is an altarpiece Tenzone Ferrau.
Among the other works of art included the icon of the Virgin of Mercy or Mary Theotokos, precious copy may run in the sixth century (although some historians date the VIII) of rigid frontal and radiant colors, related first layer of frescoes of the Church of Santa María Antigua (Santa Maria Antiqua). Altemps The chapel was built in the late sixteenth century.